BRITISH RAILWAYS 1920 - 1970
HAND AND LAMP SIGNALS, AND TRAIN LAMPS
Hand-held signals: lamp and flag signals
Hand signals are made with flags by day, and with lamps by night, or in tunnels, or during fog or falling snow (Rule 50). A red hand signal indicates danger, and, except as shown below, must be used only when necessary to stop a train. In the absence of a red light, any light waved violently denotes danger.
Red lamps, held steadily, were used to supplement the aspect of distant signals, in which red lights were used, in the cases of fog, falling snow, a defective signal or single line working.
Yellow hand signals were used in similar circumstances, where distant signals used yellow lights, and to authorise a driver to pass a multiple aspect signal which was out of order.
The purposes for which a white hand signal were used are as follows:
The purposes for which a green hand signal were used are as follows:
In the absence of flags the following arm signals were used:
Train tail lamps and side lamps
Any train must display a red lamp at the rear to signify that it is complete. On locomotive-hauled stock the lamp was commonly fitted on the most accessible (nearside) lamp-iron. Exceptionally, two lamps were displayed in vertical array, to indicate that the train had been divided and that the second portion was following. Two lamps were also shown on the L.N.E.R. streamlined stock. Three lamps in a triangular array were displayed on certain lines pre-war.
Side lamps were formerly displayed, for example near the guard's compartment, until the practice was discontinued by all of the main-line companies in 1933.
COPYRIGHT © R.D.LAKE 2009